Every month, you release a single egg from your ovary that begins a trip through the fallopian tube, ending up in the uterus (also called the womb). Before the egg is released from the ovary, the uterus builds up its lining with extra blood and tissue.
If the egg is fertilized by a sperm cell, it stays in the uterus and grows into a fetus, using that extra blood and tissue to keep it healthy and protected as it’s developing.
Most of the time though, the egg is only passing through! When the egg doesn’t getfertilized, the uterus no longer needs the extra blood and tissue, so it leaves the body through the vagina. This is called a menstrual period and is also known asmahvari , menses or tareekh. Some of you refer to it as ‘getting down’,‘getting my chums’,‘time of the month’ or even ‘aunty’. Getting a period lets a girl know that puberty is progressing and the puberty hormones have been doing their job.
But don’t compare yourself with friends who may be getting it sooner or later than you – each of you is unique with individual biological timings. If it still worries you that you haven’t started your periods yet, then write to email@example.com and get an answer in 24 hours.
The length of time between your periods is your menstrual cycle. So it’s really easy to calculate your cycle. Count from the start of one period to the start of the next. Some of you will have a 28-day cycle while others may have a 24-day, 30-day or even 35-day cycle. You could also download phone apps if you have a smart phone to give an accurate date for your next periods.
Premenstrual Syndrome or PMS is the name for some physical and emotional symptoms that may occur a week or two before your period is due to start. Some of the symptoms of PMS are.
The symptoms may be mild for a few of you and severe for others. In either case, do remember that this is a natural phenomenon and a painkiller can help ease the pain. If the symptoms are too severe or if they persist even after the period starts, write to our panel specialist (firstname.lastname@example.org) for a suggestion and get an answer within 24 hours.
Periods cause hormonal changes in the body. Some of you produce a hormone called Prostaglandin in excess which causes cramping in the uterus muscles. You can ease this by taking a mild painkiller, by putting a hot water bottle against your tummy or taking a hot bath.
Oestrogen is another female hormone that gives women an overall feeling of contentment and wellbeing. Oestrogen levels go down a week before your period starts – this explains the high and low moods that some of you experience during periods .
Engage in at least 30 minutes of brisk walking, cycling, swimming or other aerobic activity most days of the week. Regular daily exercise can help improve your overall health and alleviate symptoms such as fatigue and a depressed mood.
Keep a record to identify the triggers and timing of your symptoms. This will allow you to discuss the issues with your physician who will help you to intervene with strategies that may help to lessen them.